What is your favorite part of catching the flu? Despite the running nose, I do love the steaming hot broth that I use as a remedy to unblock my stuffy nose. Nowadays, broths are not only used for running noses but there are restaurants that serve them on their menus as appetizers and beverages.
You don’t have to be a chef to differentiate bone broth vs broth vs stock or how you can use them interchangeably to make delicious beverages and meals. Today, bone broth and stock are quite famous, but people do confuse the terms, sometimes referring to one as the other. But today, we will look at bone broth vs stock vs broth, their differences, and how you can use them interchangeably.
What Is Broth?
The broth is made of simmering meat in water, both raw and roasted meat scraps, cooked in less than two hours. Broths are mostly what granny gives us when we are feeling under the weather. It is a clear, more translucent liquid made from chicken or beef.
Besides meat, broth can contain roasted or raw meaty bones, simmered vegetables, herbs, and spices. When using raw beef bones or chicken bones to prepare a broth, simmer for a shorter period of time to prevent the release of all the nutrients, so it does not have a thick gelatinous texture.
With broth, there’s something for everyone! Chicken lovers can prepare chicken broth from simmering chicken meat while beef lovers can enjoy this beef broth by simmering beef and adding their favorite aromatic vegetables and spices. Dear vegetarians can enjoy vegetable broth by using leftover water from blanching their vegetables.
For bone broth vs broth, the latter is lighter and of a thin consistency and because of the rich flavor, it can be drunk on its own.
What Is Stock?
Stock is made from simmered bones or shells for 4 to 8 hours. This longer time compared to broth allows for the release of gelatin and collagen which make it a richer, fuller, and more flavorful liquid, with a jello-like consistency when refrigerated. Knuckle bones, also known as stock bones, are the best for good stock since they are gelatin-rich. You can add vegetables to your stock for a richer flavor.
Stock makes for a great base. Vegetable stock is made from vegetables like celery, onions, mushrooms, and carrots simmered together and used as an ingredient for your gravy and sauces.
If you want to use your stock as a base to flavor your sauces, soups, and gravy, then you don’t have to add seasonings. Add your sea salt and seasonings when preparing the main dish.
Stock is used for cooking because it is concentrated. It is not drunk on its own but is great for binding, and can be used as an alternative to butter and cream. You can use it as a broth, just add more water to make it thinner and less concentrated.
What Is Bone Broth?
This is where most people get confused, myself included! Bone broth is made from simmered meaty bones cartilage, connective tissue, and ligaments for 12-48 hours. Doesn’t this make it a stock? Well, bone broth is the hybrid baby of stock and broth.
Allow me to make it make more sense. It is more like stock because it is made from roasted bones but sometimes made from meaty bones. Why is bone broth cooked for a long time? This is because other than releasing the gelatin from the bones, the goal is to also glucosamine, amino acids, collagen, calcium, and electrolytes.
The bone broth has a collagen, gelatinous texture, Bone broths are good for gut health, skin, hair, and nails. It is strained, seasoned, and drank alone, just like broth.
People on a fat-free diet or with fat-metabolism disorders, can get zero fat and make zero-fat bone stock. This process is time-consuming and labor-intensive because you will have to use toasted or roasted bones and skim them or use a layer of egg white on top to make it zero fat.
Because vegetables don’t have bones, you can’t have vegetable bone broth. You toast your vegetables to add a depth of flavor and achieve caramelization, then they are simmered. Voila, your vegetable “bone” broth.
Main Difference Between Bone Broth Vs Broth And Stock
You know what bone broth, stock, and broth are, but can you tell them apart? Or do you confuse them and use one in place of the other? Here are the key differences between stock vs bone broth vs broth.
Bone broth takes the shortest time to prepare (2 hours or less), stock takes about more than 4 hours but less than 8 hours while bone broth cook time is 12-48 hours.
The broth is based on meat, chicken meat for chicken broth, and beef for beef broth. In addition, a lot of things can go into broths. You can add herbs, sea salt, and seasoning to your broth, giving it a rich flavor.
Stock is made from animal bones with little to no connective tissues. It mainly uses marrow bones to release nutrients and collagen. Moreover, you do not add seasoning to your stock, chicken stock, and vegetable stock. You do not add sea salt to stock because you will add it when preparing your main dish to avoid over-seasoning.
Unlike stock, bone broth is made from animal bones with a lot of connective tissue to release gelatin and other nutrients. Short ribs have a lot of connective tissues and fat which when cooked for a long time melt into your bone broth. You can also season your bone broth with fresh herbs and spices to add flavor and make it tastier.
Due to the long cooking time, bone broth is more concentrated than stock. Broth is less concentrated because it takes a shorter time to cook. The longer the time for cooking the richer the liquid. Bone broth harvests more collagen, amino acids, and gelatin making it the most nutritious of the three.
Broth is thinner and more liquid because it is cooked over a shorter period of time, and it’s made from meat mostly. Also, not a lot of nutrients are released.
Unlike broth, the stock is made from simmering bones rather than meat. Boiling the bones for more than 4 hours allows for the release of collagen and bone marrow.
To make bone broth, bones with connective tissue and ligaments are boiled over a longer period of time, releasing gelatin which gives its fuller and thicker consistency. Bone broth firms up when it cools due to its high gelatin content.
The real difference between bone broth vs broth, and stock is in appearance. The broth is clear and translucent while stock is brown if it’s beef stock, chicken stock, or veggie stock. Your bone broth color ranges from golden brown to dark brown due to the collagen-rich bones used to prepare the broth.
When looking at what to use, bone broth vs broth vs stock, you should pay attention to the concentration of your broth. Stocks are used mainly for cooking, broths are drunk on their own while bone broths can be used for cooking and taken on their own.
The high gelatin content is what makes stock and bone broth good for cooking. Broth has a better flavor to the pallet making it a good beverage choice. Its all in the food styling when serving broth, to make the finished product appetizing.
Can You Use Bone Broth, Stock, And Broth Interchangeably?
If your online recipe calls for chicken broth but you have only chicken stock, don’t fret! You can substitute broth for stock and bone stock for broth and vice versa. However the exception comes in for consommé which calls for broth only, and demi-glace which only uses stock.
Home cooks should note that for a better burst of flavor, use the same type of broth or stock as the meat you’re preparing. Using beef broth in chicken recipes will bring out an overwhelming flavor while using chicken broth in beef recipes won’t bring out a pop in flavor required in gravy and sauce.
What About Store-Bought Stock Or Broth?
In my opinion, homemade stock or broth is better. Although, you can use store-bought stock and broth because they are less time-consuming and more convenient. Reach out for the boxed and canned stock rather than bouillon cubes because they are high in sodium, and when combined with other dishes will lead to the consumption of sodium above recommended guidelines.
Once your vegetables have simmered, add store-bought stock and herbs and boil over low heat. Once ready, cool, pour into air-tight jars, and freeze. You can use this for over six months and the flavor will still remain the same.
Why Add Apple Cider Vinegar To Bone Broth?
The acidity in apple cider vinegar help in protein metabolism in connective tissues and collagen to make your broth protein-rich. It helps break down collagen making it abundant in your broth.
Which Is Healthier Bone Broth Or Stock?
The nutrients are in the bones. Adding vegetables simmered with meat and herbs in your stock recipe makes for amazing flavors. Bones are rich in calcium and magnesium, are a great source of collagen and gelatin which promote healthy skin and gut health.
Boiling you meat on medium-high heat, then lowering the heat for more than 18 hours when preparing bone broth allows for amino acids, glutamine and glycine which are good for the gut.
Bone broth is more nutritious than stock for the following reasons:
Promotes Joint Health
As mentioned bones are healthy in calcium and magnesium which are essential in strengthening bones and joints. Connective tissues have a high concentration of glycosaminoglycans necessary for healthy bones. Glucosamine is usually recommended for supplementation to manage osteoarthritis. Chondroitin sulfate is a building block for cartilages and together with glucosamine, prevent osteoarthritis.
Hyaluronic acid is a glycosaminoglycan that promotes production of synovial fluid and reduces joint pains in patients with osteoarthritis. A study showed that administration of hyaluronic acid and quadriceps strengthening exercise were effective in treating osteoarthritis in adults younger than 70.
Bone broth contain protein, minerals and essential amino acids to assist with proper growth and functioning of the body. Simmering the bones on a slow cooker on very low heat over a long period increases the concentration of nutrients.
A study’s evidence suggests that Nano-particles from bone soups restored intestinal microbiota dysbiosis by increasing the diversity and richness of gut microbiome. They also inhibited the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines thus regulating inflammation of intestinal tissues.
Bone broth contains glycine, a compound used in the making of detoxifying and antioxidizing agent, glutathione. Glutathione prevents hypermethioninemia, the build up of excess methionine in the blood. One of the causes is over consumption of animal-proteins leading to inflammations.
Bone broth contains essential nutrients that support the immune system, promote skin health, assist with digestion and boost energy levels.
What Is Bone Broth Fasting
Bone broth can be good for intermittent fasting. Due to the inflammatory, gut and energy boosting benefits of bone broth, it can be used as a weight loss method. Get a whole chicken from your local butcher, throw it in a pot with some vegetables and herbs cook for 24 hours. This recipe is amazing to help you break your fast.
Broth Chicken Stir Frys Recipes
This recipe can be eaten on its own or with some steamed rice. Let’s get to it!
- 1 Onion, sliced
- Chicken and vegetable scraps
- 1/2 cup minces garlic
- 2 chicken breasts, cubed
- 1 cup coconut oil
- 2 carrots, julienned
- 1 head broccoli, trimmed and halved
- 1/4 cup soy sauce
- Sea salt to taste
- Preferred spices (I love using cayenne pepper, black pepper and cumin)
- Herbs (oregano)
- Put your chicken and vegetable scraps in a pot and add spices and herbs. Cover with water, place a lid and cook on low simmer for 4 hours.
- Once ready, discard vegetable scraps and bones. Refrigerate meat for future use.
- Allow your stock to cool, then strain. Set aside.
Stir Fry Chicken Broth
- In a pan, heat coconut oil on medium heat, add your onions and fry till translucent.
- Add your chicken breasts and cook for 10 minutes. Remove your chicken and onions and set aside.
- Add your chicken stock, sauce, spices, garlic, herbs and salt into the pan and stir to combine. Add water and bring to a boil.
- Add the broccoli and cook for five minutes, then add your carrots, cover and cook for 3 minutes.
- Add your chicken and onion that you set aside, stir and cook for a minute.
- Serve while hot on its own or with cauliflower rice!
Making your own stock or bone broth is better than getting those from the store. the ingredients are easily available at your local butchery and grocery store. Enjoy both the flavor and nutrient benefits of bone broth by adding eat to your intermittent fasting and keto diet lifestyle.
Let us know if you try this recipe and rate it on a scale of 1 to 10. Also, tell us how you make your bone broth vs broth and stock at home. Do you prefer broth on its own or do you like pairing it with other dishes? Tell us all this in the comment section below!